Achilles Tendonitis, Bursitis and Rupture Injuries
The Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord that connects the muscles in the back of your calf to your heel bone. Several types injuries to the Achilles tendon can occur. Some more common injuries include Achilles tendonitis, bursitis or rupture.
Achilles tendonitis is an overuse injury of the Achilles tendon. Achilles tendonitis most commonly occurs in runners who have suddenly increased the intensity or duration of their runs.
Achilles bursitis, also known as retrocalcaneal bursitis, is a common condition in athletes. A bursa is a small sack of fluid that goes between a tendon and a bone to help the tendon move smoothly over the bone. The retrocalcaneal bursa lies between the Achilles tendon and the calcaneus (heel bone). With repeated trauma the bursa can become inflamed. It can often be mistaken for Achilles tendonitis. When a patient has Achilles tendonitis and Achilles bursitis at the same time, it is known as Haglund's syndrome.
Achilles tendon rupture is an injury that affects the back of your lower leg. It mainly occurs in people playing recreational sports, but it can happen to anyone. If you overuse your Achilles tendon, it can tear (rupture) completely or just partially.
If your Achilles tendon ruptures, you might hear a pop, followed by an immediate sharp pain in the back of your ankle and lower leg that is likely to affect your ability to walk properly. Surgery is often performed to repair the rupture. For many people, however, nonsurgical treatment works just as well.