Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) is a non-invasive, non-addictive means of muscle rehabilitation after injury, surgery or disease. Patients with a wide range of orthopedic and neurologic diagnoses can benefit from NMES, which applies customized electrical stimulus to cause a muscle to contract.
The major benefit of integrating NMES in the treatment of patients is the reduction of total rehabilitation time and concomitant reduction in the total cost of recovery. (Electrotherapy in Rehabilitation, Meryl Roth Gersh, 1992).
A portable stimulator generates customized electrical pulses. These flow through leads to electrodes placed on motor points over a targeted muscle or muscle group. Between the electrodes, the current passes into the body and causes an electrical reaction in motor nerves that results in muscle contraction.
Stimulus parameters including rate, amplitude and waveform, are adjusted to facilitate a quality contraction without causing fatigue. Dual waveforms allow clinicians to choose the one best suited for the muscle being stimulated.
By assisting with muscle contraction, NMES can help a patient regain function and resume their daily activities more quickly.
NMES is indicated for:
For patients that benefit from NMES in the clinical setting, home NMES can augment or replace ongoing clinical treatments. The clinician can adjust the NMES device to provide the maximum efficiency for the patient.
To enhance patient compliance, home NMES systems should be:
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been used for muscle strengthening, maintenance of muscle mass and strength during prolonged periods of immobilization, selective muscle retraining, and the control of swelling (edema).